Comparative law refers to the study of similarities and differences of the laws applied in different countries. It entails the study of numerous legal systems, including civil law, Canon law, social law, Jewish law, common law, Chinese law, Hindu law, and Islamic law. It also includes the analysis and description of international legal structures, even where the comparison is not required. The value of comparative law has gained popularity in the present era of democratization, internationalism, and economic globalization. Montesquieu founded comparative law in the 18th century in Europe. However, Sir Henry Maine, a British lawyer and historian, is the founder of the modern anthropological and comparative law. Maine was a professor of comparative law when the first university course on the subject was established in 1869 at the University of Oxford. Refer to icon.oxfordjournals.org
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Many disciplines have emerged as independent branches of comparative law such as comparative administrative law, comparative civil law, comparative constitutional law, comparative criminal law and comparative commercial law. The studies in these areas may focus on the comparison between two countries, or in-depth research of many countries. Comparative law is dissimilar from the field of international law, including both private and public international law, and general jurisprudence. However, comparative law adds value to the other areas of law.
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A notable present-day expert in comparative constitutional law is Sujit Choudhry of UC Berkley Law School where he is the Professor of Law. He is a graduate of Harvard University. In the 1998/1999 academic year, Sujit served as a visiting researcher at the Harvard School of Law. He was the first person from India to be recognized as Dean of Law from 2014 to 2015, at a famous US law school, UC Berkley School of Law. Sujit Choudhry is the recipient of Trudeau Fellowship. He served at the New York Law School. Sujit was also the Scholl Chair at the esteemed University of Toronto, Faculty of Law. Based on constitutionaltransitions.org
With reference to pluralism.ca, Sujit Choudhry is recognized globally as an expert on comparative constitutional development and comparative constitutional law. His work has largely focused on the fundamental questions of the methods of constitutional law. He has also authored different articles on constitutional design as an instrument for managing the transformation from ferocious conflict to nonviolent democratic politics. Sujit has published more than 70 articles, working papers, book chapters and reports. Moreover, Sujit has worked for various organizations, including serving as a foreign constitutional specialist in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. He as also served as a consultant at the World Bank.
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