Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho, a Practicing Brazilian Lawyer

Law is a lucrative career in Brazil. The number of students in university studying law is staggering. In fact there are more law schools in Brazil than USA. It takes one 5 years to get a law degree and another one year to be admitted to the bar. Without being admitted to the bar, one cannot practice law legally. Upon graduation and ascension to the bar, one can practice law or choose to be a magistrate or arbiter. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho chose to open a law firm.

Court System in Brazil

In order to dispense legal matters well and expeditiously, Brazil is divided into judicial districts. These judicial districts are further subdivided into municipalities. The ‘judicial district trial courts’ are presided over by a judge. In both ‘civil and criminal cases’ the judge makes decisions without the aid of a jury. The jury comes in when it’s a murder trial. These are all first instance courts and therefore appealing the decisions made here can be done in courts of second instance.

Ricardo’s Practice

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho practices commercial and business law. His practice is also engaged in credit restructuring, business crime and debt cases. Although his is an inclination to cases in the business world, he is also a seasoned civil and electoral litigator. Being LeiteTosto e Barros Advogados lead partner, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho handles the major political cases.

Other Engagements

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has worked in human resources as well as legal management for GrupoRede. He was the group’s advisor in these matters. At OAB/SP, Ricardo served as president of a judicial reform committee. The committee’s mandate also included modernization of the judiciary. Ricardo is an International Bar Association (IBM) member. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho also has an ‘Institute for Management Development (IMD) membership. He is also a ‘center for lawyer societies’ (CESA) member. At the ‘Institute for Election Law and Political Party Studies (IBEDEP) he enjoys membership as a founder.

 

Ricardo Tosto Explains Civil Service and Brazilian Law Graduates

According to Brazilian law expert Ricardo Tosto, government service is one of the most popular career choices in Brazil, especially among law graduates. Brazilian law degrees take five years to complete and upon graduation, candidates who wish to practice law must take the bar exam in order to qualify. However, many law graduates who wish to work in the government pass on taking the bar exam. Instead, they concentrate on studying for the hyper-competitive selection examinations that are held for the purpose of filling vacancies in the government. Law graduates are especially interested in positions in the judicial system, as court clerks for instance.

However, there are a wide range of exams covering almost every aspect of government. Most government jobs are filled by competitive law examinations, so civil service exam prep is big business. In Brazil, it isn’t uncommon to see study guides for sale at newsstands or displayed prominently in bookstore windows.

Some positions are open to degree-holders in any area, whereas otherwise explicitly require legal training or some other professional registration. In addition, it is almost a requirement for applicants to the Federal Police to be law graduates. Because government jobs provide a high level of stability and, in some cases, more generous pay than the private sector, law continues to be a popular major as students eye government work.

Ricardo Tosto is a barrister and author in Sao Paulo, Brasil. His law firm, Ricardo Tosto & Associates, has offices in Sao Paulo, Brasilia, and Rio de Janeiro, and is one of Brazil’s most respected legal practices.

In addition to his legal career, Ricardo Tosto is an avid reader and writer. He is a frequent contributor to industry publications and participates in conferences and professional events. Ricardo Tosto is a graduate of Brazilian Lawyer School, one of Brazil’s top legal training institutions.