Sujit Choudhry Highlights Holder’s Red Lines

Sujit Choudhry, an internationally recognized scholar who currently works for the Center of Constitutional Transitions, operating as the Director, is an expert in comparative constitutional law, and throughout his career, his research has addressed and challenged a multitude of issues regarding the sector (

In his latest work, which is to be released in the upcoming book, “Constitutional Democracies in Crisis?,” Sujit Choudhry focuses on a recent tweet by Eric Holder in which he questions the potential firing of Robert Mueller, White House Special Counsel. According to Eric Holder, if this action were to be executed by President Donald Trump, it would represent the crossing of an absolute red line – one in which the citizens of the United States would be responsible for addressing, check The former United States Attorney General, who operated during the Obama Administration, went on to state that he believes the American people will react with peaceful protests as the first strike, and that it will be up to these citizens to dictate the future actions of the US government.

In the upcoming chapter, Sujit Choudhry breaks down Eric Holder’s tweet about the end result for Robert Mueller by placing it into two separate categories; one being the red line that Holder asserts will have been crossed, and the other being the American people’s summation as to whether that line has actually been crossed. According to Sujit Choudhry, the underlying concept of Eric Holder’s tweet is formed on the basis of “constitutional self-enforcement,” which he believes does not require a decision in court to make it such, and he also believes, to his surprise, that Holder is fully aware of this, as he never considers or mentions the option of taking a legal approach. Sujit Choudhry also staunchly believes that these red lines described by Eric Holder, are a real representation of a full-scale failure in regards to democracy and its processes. If these red lines are not directly challenged by the American people, Sujit Choudhry believes that it could result in a US President or similar figure, attempting to remain in office for a period exceeding the two-term max allotted.

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Insights of Sujit Choudhry

Sujit Choudhry has advocated for reforms and democratic constitution in the globe, since the beginning of his career. He is an expert in law and addresses issues based on constitutional law and politics. Sujit has helped many countries maintain peace through democratic talks and advice (,

Among the major issues that Sujit has helped to address include trans-border municipalities, security, bills of rights, official and national language, group and minority rights, among many others. His advocations for peace in countries in the world has seen him gain a lot of fame, besides merging as the most sought-after advisor by many political leaders around the globe (

Besides, his advocations, Sujit Choudhry has also taken part in the publication of a number of texts to guide people on the democratic constitution and their rights as citizens. He has also taken the initiative to shun authoritative leadership in countries and encourages political leaders to focus on the rights of citizens and listen to the issues that they raise concerning leadership.

Sujit has been actively involved in the politics of the United States, with his major focus being on the constitution and its advocations. He recently addressed the issue of conducting a census in the country, which takes place after every twenty years, through which he gave his thoughts concerning the latter. Sujit insists that census in Trumps era might be hard to conduct because many opponents and non-citizens are reluctant to the procedure. He further insists that the constitution laws must be followed and as a result, every individual in the country must be ready to be counted. He believes that the figures gained from census play a major role in the lives of every individual in a country and that they are important because they help the government make a budget of expenditure and to avoid a financial crisis in future.

More of the Professor’s Advocacy

Additionally, Sujit has also addressed issues of presidential terms in the United States. He believes that the terms set for the president to rule in the country are important and vital for the people to experience a change in things that do not make them happy and those that please them. Besides, Sujit also encourages political leaders to pay close attention to the constitution and respect the decisions of their people. Read more about Sujit, check

Keep up with Sujit on LinkedIn.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho, a Practicing Brazilian Lawyer

Law is a lucrative career in Brazil. The number of students in university studying law is staggering. In fact there are more law schools in Brazil than USA. It takes one 5 years to get a law degree and another one year to be admitted to the bar. Without being admitted to the bar, one cannot practice law legally. Upon graduation and ascension to the bar, one can practice law or choose to be a magistrate or arbiter. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho chose to open a law firm.

Court System in Brazil

In order to dispense legal matters well and expeditiously, Brazil is divided into judicial districts. These judicial districts are further subdivided into municipalities. The ‘judicial district trial courts’ are presided over by a judge. In both ‘civil and criminal cases’ the judge makes decisions without the aid of a jury. The jury comes in when it’s a murder trial. These are all first instance courts and therefore appealing the decisions made here can be done in courts of second instance.

Ricardo’s Practice

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho practices commercial and business law. His practice is also engaged in credit restructuring, business crime and debt cases. Although his is an inclination to cases in the business world, he is also a seasoned civil and electoral litigator. Being LeiteTosto e Barros Advogados lead partner, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho handles the major political cases.

Other Engagements

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has worked in human resources as well as legal management for GrupoRede. He was the group’s advisor in these matters. At OAB/SP, Ricardo served as president of a judicial reform committee. The committee’s mandate also included modernization of the judiciary. Ricardo is an International Bar Association (IBM) member. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho also has an ‘Institute for Management Development (IMD) membership. He is also a ‘center for lawyer societies’ (CESA) member. At the ‘Institute for Election Law and Political Party Studies (IBEDEP) he enjoys membership as a founder.


Comparative Law about Sujit Choudhry

Comparative law, in other words, can be translated into being an in-depth comparison of legal systems in different countries. Through this, we get both the similarities and differences in specific countries. Over the years it has been useful to bring an understanding of diverse cultures and their operations. It studies different legal systems of the various countries.

One internationally known figure for the comparative law is Sujit Choudhry who is currently a Law Professor at Berkeley –School of Law at University of California. He deals with politics and constitutional law. He is a visionary man, and one of his greatest achievements is having written over 90 articles and reports. Professor Choudhry was born in the year 1970.

Education Background

Sujit Choudhry attended Oxford University where he attained a Bachelor of Arts in Law. Further on, he went to the University of Toronto and did a Bachelor of Law. He then proceeded to do his Masters of Law at Harvard Law School. His education clearly shows his qualification as an expert in Law-related issues.

Work Experience

He has had vast experience over the years with his commencement being a law clerk at the Supreme Court of Canada. He started his lecturing after that where he was the Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Toronto. He then advanced to being the Associate Professor of Law at the same University for six years. More to that, he became the Cecelia Goetz Professor of Law at New York University. After that, he became a Professor of Law at California University where he is up to date.

Center for Constitutional Transitions

2012 was a crucial year for him because that is when he founded the Center for Constitutional Transitions which runs up to date. This center’s aims to source information regarding constitution building where it brings together professionals from all over. The experts come up with a fact-based research that helps in decision making.  See for additional reading.

Relevant article here.

Professor Sujit has been closely related to the United Nations. He has constantly been an advisor to the World Bank Institute. He says that one way he makes sure he is current with information in his expertise is by reading online articles. It is a sure way of being on par with the evolving issues around the globe.  More of Sujit on

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