Sujit Choudhry’s Contribution In The Development Of Comparative Law

Comparative law refers to the study of similarities and differences of the laws applied in different countries. It entails the study of numerous legal systems, including civil law, Canon law, social law, Jewish law, common law, Chinese law, Hindu law, and Islamic law. It also includes the analysis and description of international legal structures, even where the comparison is not required. The value of comparative law has gained popularity in the present era of democratization, internationalism, and economic globalization. Montesquieu founded comparative law in the 18th century in Europe. However, Sir Henry Maine, a British lawyer and historian, is the founder of the modern anthropological and comparative law. Maine was a professor of comparative law when the first university course on the subject was established in 1869 at the University of Oxford.  Refer to


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Many disciplines have emerged as independent branches of comparative law such as comparative administrative law, comparative civil law, comparative constitutional law, comparative criminal law and comparative commercial law. The studies in these areas may focus on the comparison between two countries, or in-depth research of many countries. Comparative law is dissimilar from the field of international law, including both private and public international law, and general jurisprudence. However, comparative law adds value to the other areas of law.


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A notable present-day expert in comparative constitutional law is Sujit Choudhry of UC Berkley Law School where he is the Professor of Law. He is a graduate of Harvard University. In the 1998/1999 academic year, Sujit served as a visiting researcher at the Harvard School of Law. He was the first person from India to be recognized as Dean of Law from 2014 to 2015, at a famous US law school, UC Berkley School of Law. Sujit Choudhry is the recipient of Trudeau Fellowship. He served at the New York Law School. Sujit was also the Scholl Chair at the esteemed University of Toronto, Faculty of Law.  Based on

With reference to, Sujit Choudhry is recognized globally as an expert on comparative constitutional development and comparative constitutional law. His work has largely focused on the fundamental questions of the methods of constitutional law. He has also authored different articles on constitutional design as an instrument for managing the transformation from ferocious conflict to nonviolent democratic politics. Sujit has published more than 70 articles, working papers, book chapters and reports. Moreover, Sujit has worked for various organizations, including serving as a foreign constitutional specialist in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. He as also served as a consultant at the World Bank.



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End Citizen Plans Raises Funds For Democratic Candidates

End Citizen United is a popular Political Action Committee that is mostly financed by gross donors in the United States. The group was founded in the 2015, and it is mostly dedicated to countering the effects of Citizen United and also reforming the campaign finance system in the country.

The organization focuses on showing voters, elected officials, candidates and the press that the grassroots are working hard against the billionaires in the country who only want to buy the American elections. At the end of the day, it will be easier to pressure the lawmakers to take some action against these individuals.

End Citizen United supports the Democrats in their races. The Democrats are always in favor of meaningful in the US finance system, and this is one of the reasons it is supported by the group. The group also stand up for the vulnerable candidates who are under attack by mega-donors, dark money groups and corporates. End Citizen United supports Democrats because they believe that real change can only take place under their leadership.

Since it was established several years ago, End Citizen United has already raised over two million dollars from donors in the country. The group is looking forward to raise thirty million, according to its current director, Richard Carbo. Before the general elections, the group announced the official endorsement of eleven candidates in the Democratic side.

Although there have been several PACs in the past who want to focus on the campaign finance reforms in the country, Richard says that his organization is entirely different. According to him, most of these PACs had holes in the conversation that were addressing the political aspect of it, and they were only getting individuals elected. There was no one to change the existing laws. However, End Cited United is backing candidates who are in favor of the campaign finance reforms. These candidates are also against Citizen United.

Richard says that his group is planning to set up a special independent expenditure arm this year to financially support the candidates who have been endorsed. These candidates will be supported through direct mailers, television ads and polling. This will make things easier for the candidates in the future elections. The group’s financial information is available on OpenSecrets.Org.

End Citizens United and its leaders are hoping to successfully enact the campaign finance reforms, in particular on the local and state level. However, the primary objective of the group at the moment is to pass a constitutional amendment that will be able to overturn the Supreme Court decision that was approved in the year 2010. The bill has been met with a lot of skepticism from finance experts in the country. All constitutional amendments in the US, after all, should win the consent of at least two-thirds of the House and the Senate. The amendment must be ratified by at least three-fourths of states too.

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Case Study Of Comparative Constitutional Law


What is comparative constitutional law? According to many case studies that have been done in the world have quite a vast information about the comparative constitutional law. The most simple case study explains the comparative law as studies carried out in different countries to establish the differences and similarities in the laws governing those countries. To be precise, comparative law mainly involves the study of different families or systems that exist in the world. The law, therefore, finds a lot of interests in areas such as civil law, common law, socialist law, Jewish and Islamic law. The comparative constitutional law has a lot of importance in the democracy, economic globalization and internationalism that we experience in the world day.  Check


Sujit Choudhry, a globally recognized specialist in comparative constitutional law and a lecturer, describes the constitution as a tool that can manage the changeover of violent conflict to peaceful democratic states. He further includes the illusion of hatred among the federalism and ethically divided societies. Due to his tireless dedication to eradicating hatred among people, Professor Sujit Choudhry has edited a collection of written materials. The work edited include The Migration of Constitutional Ideas, Constitutional Design for Divided Societies among others. Choudhry is a member of the Board of the Constitution Court Review, and the Editorial Advisory Board of the Cambridge Studies in Constitutional Law. The above are just a few achievement that Professor Choudhry has achieved due to his devotion to the comparative law.


Professor Choudhry, being a Dean in the Faculty of Berkeley law in University of California between the year 2014 and 2016, launched a series of initiatives to implement the agenda of Innovation, Service, and Globalization. The Berkeley Law Opportunity Scholarship played a significant role in social mobility and specialized recruitment that increased the ration of African, Latino and American students. During his tenure in Berkeley, Dean Choudhry was the founder director of Center for Constitutional Transitions. He is a member of United Nation Mediation Roster was a consultant in World Bank Institute that has worked for foreign constitution expert that facilitated the constitutional transition in Jordan, Libya, Tunisia, and Egypt. Amazon has even carried the weight to market the books that Professor Sujit Choudhry has written.  Head over to to read more about him.


It is a fact that has been retrieved from the sentiments that have clearly shown that Professor Sujit Choudhry is dedicated to ensuring that comparative constitutional law is achieved. He has given full effort to enhance that social injustice come to an end in the world.

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Roberto Santiago Brings The Excitement Back To The Mall

There is a time when going to the mall is very exciting. Many people have different reasons to get excited about going to the mall. Among the common reasons for the mall that kids have gotten to experience was the chance to buy clothes. In some cases, children were happy about getting more clothes. Eventually, the magic and the allure of the mall changes and then ultimately wears off. However, it does not have to be that way. There are a lot of factors that influence the lasting appeal of a mall. Some of them are easier to deal with than others.

One of the factors behind the appeal of the mall is how many different shops there are. It is not enough for there to be a ton of stores. There also has to be a wide variety of stores. It doesn’t matter the type of stores that are offered in the mall. For instance, a mall that only offers fashion stores has to have a ton of different styles in order to attract more people. When stores have very little variety when it comes to the types of clothing they have to offer, then the customer is going to be left with very little choice than to go for the cheapest offer.

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Fortunately, one mall has managed to offer something for everyone. This mall is Roberto Santiago Manaira Shopping. It brings back a lot of excitement for people. While it is nothing like the malls of earlier years, it does get a lot of people to experience a level of excitement that is similar to the excitement they used to feel when they have visited malls when they were younger. This is because of all of the fun stores that they had to offer.

One thing that comes with Roberto Santiago Manaira Shopping is that they have a lot more activities for people to do than just shopping at the mall. After all, it is rather boring to have a place to go in order to pick a few items and then bounce back out of the mall. It is always good to have some kind of activity at the mall.

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The Life and Career of Sam Tabar

Just a few months ago, Sam Tabar was appointed to a new position by Full Cycle Energy as the firm aims to save and utilize fuel better. In this case, he was made the Chief Operating Officer of this firm. This announcement was made through the PR Newswire. In this press release, Sam Tabar said that he was excited to be joining the company in the new position.

Full cycle named him as the Chief Operating Officer for his unique business strategies. Sam is law graduate from Oxford University. He acquired his MA and BA from this prestigious university. After college, Sam practiced law in New York. He furthered his legal education at Columbia School of Law in New York, New York.

According to Bloomberg, other than working in New York City, Sam Tabar has perfected his skills working in Asia. This is where he has managed to build his good working business strategies. In this region, he specialized in hedge fund management. Some of the big companies that he has worked for include SPARX Group as well as Merrill Lynch and the Hong Kong-based PMA Investment Advisors.

Other than just business, this good man is also involved in philanthropy and charitable organizations such as THINX, which focuses on helping women from the less privileged regions of Asia and Africa. Sam has also created his own GoFundMe to help the less fortunate people of this earth.

The appointment by Full Cycle Energy is an effort to try to utilize some of his vast experience in the legal industry and in developing business strategies. This comes at a time when there is the need to shift to less polluting fuels hence doing away with fossil fuels.

Over the years, Sam has managed to interact with many cultures. He also has the ability to speak different languages having lived in Asia. Other than the mentioned firms, he has worked for other firms like the Skadden, Roth, and Zabel as well as Schulte and Slate and Flom.

He has also worked for Meagher, and he is a member of New York State Bar. Some of his most notable investments are the Tribune and SheThinx.

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Copa Star; A Five-Star Hospital in Rio

After three years of construction, the Copa Star Hospital was finally inaugurated in October 2016 in the magnificent city of Rio. Work began in 2013 with an estimated investment of close to $ 400 million being channeled into the project. Located in the southern zone of Rio, more specifically in Figueiredo Magalhães Street, in Copacabana, the hospital will majorly focus on surgical operation specializing in cardiology and neurology. View the design at RafArquitetura.Com

The Copa Star Hospital unites qualified service, comfort, luxury and sophisticated technology. The architectural project is reminiscent of a five-star hotel, opening its doors to a “class AA” clientele as described by Jorge Moll, a Rio de Janeiro cardiologist. Their goal is to attract patients who take the air bridge in search of high complexity care in São Paulo, especially in the Albert Einstein and Sírio-Libanês hospitals.

With 21,000 m² of occupied area and seven floors, the hospital combines technological innovation and refinement. The hospital has installed IPads for their inpatients, with just a few touches, it is possible to have a conversation with the doctor or to request attention from the nurses. This technology also aids the patients through automation of their functionalities. Through it, a patient can change the lighting of the room, open and close the curtains or access the results of their medical examinations together with their doctors.

The hospital has nine fully equipped operation rooms and 155 inpatient suites, 59 of which are in the Intensive Care Center (ICU). Three of the operation rooms are called hybrids, equipped with resonance and hemodynamic devices, among others, which allows the staff to perform exams while a patient is in operation. Costing more than a million dollar, the resonance equipment and microscope installed in the neurological surgery room were set up under the guidance of Paulo Niemeyer, a specialist body responsible for the industry.

Among the numerous innovations by the Copa Star Hospital, there is an attached area for the flow of stretchers and health professionals. Installed with three elevators, the unit ensures no patient will see the shuttle of stretchers and trolleys with bedding. For the comfort and safety of their patients, the hospital beds have inflammable mattresses to shape the patient’s positions.

The hospital goes beyond the environment of a hospital by providing its patients with a life outside a hospital experience. Cameras at the top of the eight-story building will transmit real-time footage of the Copacabana sea while the architecture of the building allows the entrance of natural light, which radiates even in the beds, and works of art are seen from all sides.

The Copa Star Hospital team is composed of 550 professionals which include 113 physicians. The staff underwent a two-month behavioral training at the hospital attended by actors, who simulated situations of crisis and daily life. The staff has been trained from how to approach patients to what clothes and makeup type to use.

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The Amazing Life Of George Soros

George Soros is one of the most powerful men in the world. He has used this enormous power to topple some of the most undemocratic regimes on earth, regimes that in some cases had held power for decades. George is just as involved in domestic issues; influencing American politics and culture more than any other living individual. George Soros is New York-based hedge fund manager with a personal fortune estimated to be over $13 billion, add to that, the $25 billion managed by his firm and you can see how he can use his fortune to influence causes he thinks are worthy of his efforts. George Soros realized as a young man, “money does not make the world go round,” but having money enables him to engage in social issues that concern him. His desires to change the world in general and America in particular with a new way of thinking that conforms to his ideas of social justice on Biography. George has a sense of humor, describing himself as a nut who wants to have an impact on how the world works.

The early life of George Soros is an incredible chapter in his life. Born in Budapest, Hungary in 1930, to a non-practising Jewish family, George Soros was subjected to persecution by the Nazis after their occupation of Budapest in 1944. His father decided to split up the family, hoping to minimize the possible murder of everyone in it. Through a series of forged papers, identifying the family as Christians, he was able to bribe individual Gentile families to take them into their homes. George wound up in the home of a Hungarian government official who claimed him as his Christian godson. While the official participated in the confiscation of Jewish property, George was only 14 years old and was nothing more than a spectator on NYTimes; He did not realize the ramifications of what he sometimes witnessed. Somehow the family survived and moved to England in 1947.

George Soros attended the London School of Economics, where a professor teaching at the school exposed him to the concept of an open society. Soros later stated this man became his “spiritual mentor” who introduced him to themes that would influence his thinking for the rest of his life. He graduated in 1952 and joined the firm of Singer and Friedlander where he became an expert in international arbitrage. Moving to New York in 1956 he went to work as a stock trader on Wall Street, at the time he did not particularly care for the United States, intending to leave after he accumulated enough money to return to Europe. We all know this did not happen, in fact, in 1991 George Soros became a U.S. citizen and one of the most successful businessmen in American history. There is much more to learn about this fascinating man; this article contains information from a recent piece in Discover the

Besty DeVos, Wife of Philanthropist Becomes Newest Education Secretary

Betsy DeVos is the 11th Education Secretary, recently a member of Donald Trump’s Presidential cabinet. She is the daughter of billionaire industrious Edgar Prince, and is the wife of Dick DeVos. They have four children and five grandchildren. Mrs. DeVos had graduated from Holland Christian High School. She earned her Bachelor of Arts degree at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Mrs. DeVos’ younger brother Erik Prince is a former US Navy Seal. Mrs. DeVos has been an active member of the Republican Party for the past 35 years. The Michigan Republican Party has elected her chairperson four times. She has led many campaigns and party organizations. In her current position of Secretary of Education, she is focused on improving education in the United States. Mrs. DeVos also chairperson and board member of Windquest Group.

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Secretary DeVos and her husband have founded a society called Excellence in Education. Mrs. DeVos is behind Maine using the standard grade of ABCDEF to grade elements in rating the quality of schools, the same grading system that has been used to grade students achievements for decades. Betsy DeVos believes in schools vouchers. she thinks parents should be able to choose which schools their children attend instead of being stuck with schools that are in certain school boundaries. For example, the children who live over in the next block are not necessarily in the same school boundary as your child. This would be a shame if the school the children who live over in the next block attend is a better school than your child has to attend. Opening up school choice can change all this and give parents the freedom to send their children to any school they want to regardless of school boundaries. Helping parents in low-income families have school choice is especially important to DeVos. It has always been important to her that regardless of what economic class someone comes from, he should be able to have he best education available in order to achieve the highest potential.

During George W. Bush’s Presidency, he appointed Betsy DeVos a member of the board of directors for the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Mrs. DeVos has already served on the committees for Art Prize. Six years ago, Mr. and Mrs. DeVos had donated $22.5 million, largest donation in the entire history of the center. According to, the donation was made on behalf of the DeVos Institute of Arts Management at the University of Maryland. The Institute of Arts Management is dedicated to training future arts administrators ever since the then Kennedy Arts Director, Michael Klein, had proposed the idea to Mr. and Mrs. DeVos.

The Investment Techniques that Brad Reifler offers

Brad Reifler is a renowned entrepreneur who has established various successful businesses. An example of these enterprises is the Forefront Advisory and the Forefront Capital Management where he serves as the CEO. These two companies are advisory boards that have been offering clients excellent counseling in the forex and commodities sectors. Brad Reifler skills in his field are unparalleled, and he also has an experience of more than 30 years.

Mr. Reifler is an alumnus of the Bowdoin College, where he was awarded a bachelor’s degree in Economics and Political Science. The first company that he founded after graduating from college was the Reifler Trading Corporation. He opened it in 1982 and the main business that it was involved with was international derivatives. The firm became very prosperous, and it was later acquired by Refco. The entrepreneur then established another company that was known as Pali Capital, and this was where he made the greatest profits. He served as the chairperson and CEO of the firm for approximately 13 years and led it to generate profits that were worth $200 million. It has branches in UK, Australia, and the United States.

After leaving the firm, he started focusing on the progress of the Forefront Advisory. He has developed exceptional expertise in offering guidance to his clients. The commodity market and the foreign exchange sector are majorly characterized by volatility. Brad Reifler uses the experience that he gained during his three decades of service to offer advisory services to anyone who is interested in making great profits from investing.

Brad has also provided statements on how individuals can successfully take part in the investment world. He has appeared in public many times to discuss how the middle and lower class people can handle their finances so as to save some money for their future lives. His talks have been quoted by business media such as MarketWatch, the Reuters news, and Yahoo Finance. Brad Reifler has continued to offer his sincere guidance to the different communities. He assists people to discover new and exceptional methods that they can utilize so as to build a bright future that has financial freedom.

Eric Lefkofsky Journey at Tempus

Eric Lefkosky, an American entrepreneur and co-founder of various organisations such as Groupon, InnerWorkings, Echo Global Logistics, Uptake and Mediaocean. Furthermore, he is the founder of Light Bank, a capital firm venture based in Chicago. Erick Lefkosfsky was born on September 2, 1969, in Detroit, Michigan in the United States of America. He was raised up in Southfield, Michigan by his parents, his father Bill was a structural engineer and the mother Sanday who was a teacher.

Eric Lefkofsky joined the University of Michigan after graduating from the Southfield-Lathrup High School in the year 1987.In the year 1991 at the University of Michigan, he graduated with honours and proceeded to the University of Michigan Law School, where he attained his Juris Doctorate. Later on, Eric Lefkofsky started his career of purchasing and selling carpet at the University of Michigan.

As the founder of the most influential technical firms Chicago’s and the Groupon, he has contributed millions of dollars towards the cancer research which given him a good stepping stone to take a better approach cancer cure race. Erick Lefkosfky has been actively participating and working on the Tempus, which is a health-tech company that makes facilities to use improved and modern technology in the cancer treatment. The Tempus Company has been working hand in hand with the Light bank which is an early investment that developed into the Chicago, established by Erick Lefkofsky as the firm’s chairperson. He is also recognised as the president of a corporate which deals with the Illinois Secretary of State for the Tempus Health Company.

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The Tempus firm deals with assisting the healthcare professionals and doctors in establishing the real, correct data information and making personalised treatment decision using their also helps the doctors to understand the patient’s genetic code in the context of therapies and sequencing of the patient’s tumour. Tempus healthcare firm collects and carries out investigations on the genomically analysed information using the statistics and proprietary algorithms to realise the opportunities to assist patients in providing the best and perfect treatment. Currently, is working to treat patients with lung, pancreatic and breast cancer and have the vision to add more other types of cancer with time.

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